The NEED – Critical Lack of Accessible Housing
There is a growing gap between the need for and the supply of accessible housing in this country. According to the Journal of the American Planning Association “ 90% of the housing units in the U.S. are inaccessible to people with disabilities”. The ADA does NOT apply to private residences.
Lack of accessible housing has serious consequences including a greater risk of injury and danger of falls, a greater burden on caregivers, a negative impact on health, reduced employment and poverty. As a result, many people are forced either to remain in dangerous homes ill-equipped to meet their needs or to move prematurely into nursing homes or institutions.
There are 34.3 million Americans who have limitations in usual daily activities due to chronic conditions and disabilities. Source; Summary Health Statistics for the U.S. Population: National Health Interview Survey, 2003,
There are 11.5 million Americans who have a ” go – outside – the – home” disability and 5.6 million of those are under the age of 64. Source: US Cenus Bureau, 2005 Amercian Community Survey
More than 50 million people, provide care for a chronically ill, disabled or aged family member or friend during any given year. Source: National Family Caregivers Association (NFCA) Random Sample Survey of Family Caregivers, Summer 2000, Unpublished.
Caregiving is no longer predominantly a women’s issue. Men now make up 44% of the caregiving population . Source: National Family Caregivers Association (NFCA) Random Sample Survey of Family Caregivers, Summer 2000, Unpublished.
Of the estimated 2.5 million Americans who need assistive technology such as wheelchairs, 61% can’t afford it. Source: Lisa I. Iezzoni, M.D., M.Sc., ‘When Walking Fails: Personal and Health Policy Considerations,’ Research in Profile, a National Program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, March 2002
Families that have a disabled member who needs help with activites of daily living, have lower household incomes. Approximately 43% of these households have yearly incomes under $30,000. Source: National Family Caregivers Assoc., Random Sample Survey of Family Caregivers, 2000
UNIVERSAL DESIGN and ADA Facts
Universal design is the design of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design.
The intent of universal design is to simplify life for everyone by making products, communications, and the built environment usable by as many people as possible at little or no extra cost. Universal design benefits people of all ages and abilities.
The ADA – Americans with Disabilities Act was passed in 1990. The ADA prohibits discrimination and ensures equal opportunities for persons with disabilities. The ADA code sets minimum standards for ensuring accessibility for “places of public accommodation,” businesses and commercial facilities. The ADA does not apply to private residences.